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An Internet Protocol Address (or IP Address) is a unique address that computing devices, such as personal computers, tablets, and smartphones, use to identify and communicate with IP networks. Any device connected to an IP network must have a unique IP address within the network. It is important for the internet user to understand the basics of IP address. To know more about IP Address, read this article full about what IP Address is (How is IP Address in English) and how it works and why it is so important for your security.
What is ip address?
Address means “Internet Protocol address”. Internet Protocol is a set of rules for communication over the Internet, whether it is sending mail, streaming video, or connecting to a website. An IP address identifies a network or device on the Internet. Internet protocols manage the process of assigning their own IP address to each unique device (Internet protocols also do other things, such as routing Internet traffic, etc.) In this way, it becomes easy to see who on the Internet What devices are sending, requesting or receiving information?
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Each device connected to the Internet has an IP address. There are two main versions of IP addresses: IPv4 and IPv6, if you count numbers it becomes easier to identify their differences. The IPv4 address is expressed by a series of four numbers separated by dots such as 220.127.116.11, the IPv6 address is expressed by eight groups of hexadecimal numbers, separated by colons. . A typical IPv6 address looks like this: 2630: 0aba1: 0d02: 2052: 0100: 8c2d: d340: 72b2.
What is TCP / IP?
When Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connects with IP, you get internet highway traffic controller. TCP and IP work together to transmit data over the Internet but at different levels.
Since IP does not guarantee reliable packet delivery over a network, TCP is a protocol that ensures reliability in a transmission. In particular, TCP guarantees:
- Not missing any packet.
- The packet to be in the correct order.
- There is no duplicate of the packet.
All this ensures that the data obtained is consistent, in order, complete and smooth. During data transmission, TCP works just before IP. TCP bundles data in the TCP packet before sending it to the IP, which in turn encapsulates the IP packet.
The information of an IP Packet is a basic unit. It consists of data and an IP header. Any piece of data, including TCP packets on a TCP / IP network, is broken into bits and placed in a packet for transmission over the network. When the packets reach their destination, they are reintegrated into the original data.
How does IP address work?
All devices that are connected to the Internet (including PCs, laptops, smartphones, routers, and WiFi connected devices) are assigned a specific identifier (IP address).
Just as people use a certain language to understand each other, information is also sent to the internet with a specific set of guidelines. The communication system for the Internet is TCP / IP. All devices that are connected to the Internet use the same protocol to communicate with each other.
Who owns the IP address?
Every device connecting to the Internet has its own, unique IP address. But who owns the IP address and who distributes them?
ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is responsible for creating and distributing IP addresses. So, ICANN is the initial owner of each IP address. From there, IP addresses reach IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), a function of ICANN and responsible for DNS root, IP addressing, and global coordination of other internet protocol resources.
IANA distributes IP addresses to five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), one of them being ARIN (American Registry for Internet Numbers). Then, IP addresses are distributed to companies such as ISPs (Internet Service Providers), which provide unique IP addresses to their clients.
Types of IP address
There are some main types of IP addresses such as private IP addresses, public IP addresses, static IP addresses and dynamic IP addresses, let’s talk about all these types one by one:
Private IP Address
A private IP address is the address of your device that is connected to a home or business network. If you have a few different devices connected to an ISP (Internet Service Provider), then all your devices will have a unique private IP address.
This IP address is not accessed from devices outside your home or business network.
For example: 192.168.1.1
How to know IP address?
You can find out the private IP address of your device using some techniques. If you are a Windows user, just go to command prompt and enter ipconfig command. If you are a mac user, then you have to enter ifconfig command in your Terminal app.
If you are using the Internet on a mobile phone, then you go to your WiFi settings to find the IP address. iOS users can find the IP address by clicking on the ‘i’ button next to the network they are connected to. Android users click on the network name in their WiFi settings, and it will show the IP address.
- Public IP Address
Your public IP address is the main IP address to which it is connected to your home or business network. This IP address connects you to the world, and is unique to all users.
To know your public IP address, just go to the SupportAlly site in your browser, and it will show your public IP, and other information about your browser.
- Static and Dynamic IP Addresses
All private and public IP addresses can be either static and dynamic. The IP addresses that you manually configure and fix them on your device’s network are called static IP addresses. Static IP addresses cannot be changed automatically.
When you set up the router with the Internet, the dynamic IP address is automatically configured and assigns IP to your network. This distribution of IP addresses is managed by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). DHCP can be your Internet router that provides an IP address to your network in your home or business environment.
What is the purpose of IP address?
The purpose of an IP address is to handle the connection between the device and the destination site. IP addresses allow computing devices (such as PCs and tablets) to communicate with websites and destinations such as streaming services, and they help websites know which device is connected to their website.
An IP address also acts as a return address, in the same way as a return address on postal mail. When you mail a letter and it gets delivered to the wrong address, then if you have written the return address on the envelope then it gets back to you. Exactly the same thing happens with email. When you type invalid recipient, your IP address enables the company’s mail server to send you a bounce back email, stating that “destination was not found” means destination was not found.
IP address security in English
You should protect your IP address for all the reasons that you will do to protect your home address. Criminals may try to take advantage of you for several reasons. They may be able to:
- Using your IP address identification to download illegal content: Pirates can download movies, music and other content and appear as you are, so you get into trouble with your ISP for something like that Can do, which you did not do.
- To locate your home: It is possible to trace an IP address to a real-world address.
- Spying on your private internet traffic: Your sensitive personal data, including financial information, can be at risk when hackers are able to access your IP traffic.
- Attacking you directly: There are a variety of tools to launch a variety of attacks among cybercriminals, especially a DDoS (distributed denial-of-service) attack, where so much traffic arrives at a site. She seems to be overwhelmed and shuts down.
What does your IP address say about you?
One concern you may have about the IP address is what they can tell about you to any third parties.
Well, since the IP address is the address of your device, it is no wonder that the IP address reveals the approximate physical location of your device (if you are not using a VPN or proxy). If you go to an IP checker tool, you will see that it shows your area, city and zip code where you live. These details are not always accurate as it can show you a few km away from your actual location.
How can you protect yourself?
If your device is protected by firewall, antivirus and an updated OS, then hackers should not be able to hack you based solely on your IP address.
Your device can only be hacked with an IP address if there are no other vulnerabilities (Vulnerabilities) such as unsecured router, open ports and no firewall, or you are using a website or program that has vulnerabilities. The most common attack using IP addresses is DDOS attack.
Even though a person cannot hack your device using an IP address, but he can still find your location.
The most effective way to protect yourself online is to hide your real IP address. You can easily do this using proxy or VPN service.
How to change your IP address?
To change the IP address your IP address needs to improve your online security and privacy.
The main way to change your IP address is to use a proxy server or VPN service. Using a VPN service is more efficient to change your IP address than a proxy.
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